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A Fuse #8 Production
Inside A Fuse #8 Production

The Nuanced Picture Book Biography

Last week I was sick.  Sick as a dog sick.  Sick in that way where you feel the cool breezes coming through your window and have a fleeting glimpse of how lucky you are to be sick at the end of the summer rather than even a week earlier when your misery could have only have been compounded by hot winds and bright, horrible, happy sunlight.

In the midst of all this lovely blah-ness I was given the chance to speak with a German reporter about political picture book biographies.  Thanks to the fever I’ve only a mild inkling of what I said (we’ll all find out together, yay!) but I do remember a long discussion of American picture book biographies and nuance.  Look at the bios of Hillary out there for kids and you’re not going to find much within them beyond praise.  How true is that of other picture book biographies?  Are they capable of showing several sides of an individual or are they, by definition, only able to show the good sides of their subjects and never the bad?

I’ve been pondering this for the past week and I don’t know if I’m any closer to an answer.  A picture book biography by its very nature is supposed to tell a child more about a subject.  Moreover, that subject is supposed to be someone that child should learn and grow from as well as emulate in their own lives.  You will not find picture book biographies of Hitler or Ted Bundy because that flies in the face of a picture book bio’s purpose in life.  The only time you can come close is when you write a parody for adults like A Child’s First Book of Trump.

But is that actually true? I mean, if a kid is supposed to emulate a picture book biography’s subject and you don’t show their flaws and failures, doesn’t that automatically make the subject seem otherworldly and perfect?  Isn’t there value in displaying the problematic areas and showing how someone surmounted them?

I set out to locate a couple picture book biographies of people who led complicated lives.  How did their picture book biographers choose to handle their less than stellar personal qualities?  When drawing up the list, I was surprised to find that the most examples involve drugs.  I made a conscious effort to include some of those, but to come up with other personal failings as well.


Jimi Hendrix


Personal Difficulty: Died of drug overdose

Does the Book Address This?  Sure, but not in the text for kids.  Since the text pretty much just shows him as a kid, that was a given.  Now one way these books get around the problem of a problematic life is simply to put all the less-than-stellar stuff in the backmatter.  If a book does that, can you honestly say that it’s discussing a subject’s complicated life head-on?  By the same token, it’s obviously there and has the additional advantage of being readily available to a teacher or parent IF and only IF they want to share it.  In this case, mentioning Jimi’s death wouldn’t have made sense in the main body of the text.


Coco Chanel




Personal Difficulty: Got cozy with a Nazi

Do These Books Address This?  Ah, nope. But I’ve a theory on this one anyway.  Seems to me that when a person’s personal life involved drug abuse, or even physical violence, that’s something a picture book biography can work with.  Sex, in any form, is far more difficult.  Read on and you’ll see what I mean a little later.


John Coltrane


Personal Difficulty: Drug addiction

Does the Book Address This?  Yes.  In fact, this turned out to be one of the very few picture book biographies I could find where the text written for kids discussed the fact that the subject of the book had personal failings.  As I wrote in my review, “You see the days when his deep sadness caused him to start drinking early on. You see his experiments with drugs and the idea some musicians harbored that it would make them better.”  There’s even an in-depth “Author’s Note: Musicians and Drug Use” section at the end.  Now the author of this book, Gary Golio, also wrote the aforementioned Jimi Hendrix biography so he’s no stranger to writing about complicated men.  If you seek complexity in a picture book biography, this is where you start.


Johnny Cash


Personal Difficulty: Several, but let’s just stick with the fact that he left his wife for June.

Does the Book Address This?  Not really.  It definitely mentions June and how much Johnny admired her, but the storyline stops strategically before they get togehter.  If you want to get into the sticky subject of infidelity the text of the book won’t help you out.  But could it even?  Could any picture book biography tackle infidelity in any manner without the topic tipping everything in the text in only that direction?  Can we state for the record, then, that infidelity cannot ever be discussed in a picture book biography?


Jean-Michel Basquiat

Radiant Child

Personal Difficulty: Family mental issues and drug addiction

Does the Book Address This?  Yep.  The problems with his mother are discussed at length in the text.  The drug problems come up in the backmatter.  This is a pretty good example of a book that has found the right balance in the public and personal, and has found a way to make an honest picture book biography that touches on the big issues and how they formed the man as an artist without letting them take over the book itself.


Robert Miller a.k.a. Tricky Vic

TrickyVicPersonal Difficulty: Um . . . his whole entire life?  Remember when I said you couldn’t write a bio of a villain?  Well, Tricky Vic was more of an anti-hero, but that’s splitting hairs.  This may well be the only picture book bio I’ve seen of a true shyster.  He was a con man, and he didn’t exactly repent.  Or learn.  Or grow.

Does the Book Address This?  The book doesn’t address anything BUT this!  How did Pizzoli do it?  There wasn’t even an outcry against this book when it came out.  People were on board with it.  I wonder if they saw it more as a history than a bio.  I wonder too if the fact that Vic isn’t that well known contributed to the lack of protestation.  If you wrote a biography of a famous sadist, people would assume the book was, by definition, in favor of that person.  But if the person is low-level and not particularly well known it flies right under the radar.  Much to chew on here.

Conclusion: Let’s say someone wanted to write a serious picture book biography of Donald Trump tomorrow and have it published by a major publisher.  Let us also say that this person was not personally associated with Mr. Trump and wanted to present him as honestly as possible to a child readership.  Finally, let’s say that this person wanted this to be a “good” book.  Could it be done?

I don’t know the answer to this question.  I told the reporter that American picture book biographies were capable of nuance, and I’ll stand by that.  But they are also, by their very design, meant to inspire as well as inform.  If you take away that initial intent, do you do harm to the form itself?

Deep thoughts for a Tuesday, folks.  Be interested in your opinions.



About Elizabeth Bird

Elizabeth Bird is currently the Collection Development Manager of the Evanston Public Library system and a former Materials Specialist for New York Public Library. She has served on Newbery, written for Horn Book, and has done other lovely little things that she'd love to tell you about but that she's sure you'd find more interesting to hear of in person. Her opinions are her own and do not reflect those of EPL, SLJ, or any of the other acronyms you might be able to name. Follow her on Twitter: @fuseeight.


  1. Re Cash, he left Vivian (Rosanne’s mother) for June Carter.

    • Elizabeth Bird says:

      The kicker is I corrected that this morning. Apparently it didn’t take. Thanks for the re-catch.

  2. Now I know who the German reporter talked to right before me & why our conversation took its many twists & turns….this article will be a revelation, if we can read it.

    • Elizabeth Bird says:

      Oo, I hadn’t even considered the fact that I’d be unable to read it. Curse you high school French class! You disappoint me yet again.

  3. Really interesting and thought-provoking piece. Thank you.

  4. Betsy–
    You’re thinkingness and thoughtfulness are both much appreciated. ; ]
    Also, will love to see what you make of my next picture book, debuting in February, called “Strange Fruit – Billie Holiday and the Power of a Protest Song” (Millbrook). It’s about the creation of the song that became a cornerstone of the civil rights movement 20 years later, and the roles played by Abel Meeropol (songwriter), Billie Holiday (singer), and Barney Josephson (club owner of Cafe Society in NYC).
    It seems I never stop asking for trouble!

    best, and hope you’re feeling better,

  5. Great topic, BB. I had a related challenge in writing BILL THE BOY WONDER: THE SECRET CO-CREATOR OF BATMAN. This is not a story where the hero wins in the end. Bill died poor, alone, and virtually unknown. Commonly, picture book biographies are about people who fail, then succeed. In this story, it’s the opposite. Some argue that Bill’s legacy has been shaped as much by what he did NOT do (fight to be credited for co-creating Batman) as what he did (co-created Batman). Yet I aimed to show that Bill’s fatal flaw does not detract from his accomplishment.

  6. Thought provoking- but do we have censorship or lack of moral compass? Politics are hot and heavy right now but it seems divided here in America, this means that 1/2 of the population supports Trump but a book can’t be written about the man for children. Yet, there can be books about Nazi sympathizers (Coco Chanel, Charles Lindbergh) for children as long as we leave out those “pesky” parts. — can history be told truthfully if we are leaving the truth out?

  7. So, this debate is something that I think a lot about, and I think it highlights the danger of a single story. I think kids are capable of knowing and understanding that there are many interpretations of the life of any major figure and that there is no such thing as capital-h History, and hopefully for figures of interest there will always be differing histories out there for kids to explore (i.e. books that tackle similar subjects with a broad range of perspectives). In my own writing, I ask myself constantly throughout the process whether this or that fact or flaw was essential to the inspirations and struggles that made the person who they are, and that helps a lot.

  8. Thanks, Betsy, for some excellent questions. I’m struggling with these issues on a couple of new manuscripts and appreciate the work others are doing as well. Thanks, too, for some titles I need to check out.

  9. A couple of older pb biographies that do a good job of addressing the subject’s flaws include Tobin Anderson’s Strange Mr. Satie (hard to get along with and threw his girlfriend out a window) and Mordicai Gerstein’s The Man Who Walked Between The Towers (punished for illegal act, also discusses 9/11).

  10. I just read Jonah Winter’s fine book “Dizzy” (2006) about Dizzy Gillespie’s raw childhood with a father who beat him, and Dizzy, in turn, beating others then how blowing the trumpet helped him release his anger then all the silly, dizzy things he did when performing just to get noticed, all of which eventually led to his being hailed as a great jazz musician: “…..until the very thing that had gotten him into trouble so much – being a clown, breaking all the rules – had become the thing that made him great….”

    “Dizzy” deals with tough stuff and flawed behavior but is utterly kid-friendly. Hard to do, but Jonah Winter did it.